Present perfect continous
We use the present perfect continuous to show that the action began in the past and it is still happening or it has just stopped.
Monday – buzz… buzz… buzz… buzz… – Wednesday
– It has been making a buzzing sound since Monday.
– It has been making a buzzing sound for two days.
– Why are you bright red in the face?
– We have been playing football.
Offering, accepting, refusing
Offering to do something for somebody
– Let me help you do the cleaning.
– I‘ll carry that bag. It’s too heavy.
– Shall I do it for you?
Accepting an offer of help
– Thank you.
– Thanks very much.
– Just what I needed, thanks.
– That’s very kind of you, thanks.
Refusing an offer of help
– No, thank you.
– No, it’s all right. I can manage.
– Thats’ very kind of you, but I can do it.
a few / a little
We use a few with things we can count.
We use a little with things we cannot count.
– Wash a few apples.
– Add a little water.
– I’m going to France for a few days next week.
– Could you bring me a little water, please?